Karten von Attika

Karten von Attika of Johann August Kaupert is an 19th century cartographic project, Johann August Kaupert was a cartographer who came to Greece from 1875 to 1877 to map Attika area in Greece. He accompanied the archaeologist Ernst Curtious as a member of the mission of the German Archaeological Institute. His work titled as Karten von Attica - Maps of Attica. It is an invaluable tool of landscape and archeology for the Attic land. The Modern Greek state was established in 1830 thus the development of national mapping of the new state was necessary. Ernst Curtius was archaeologist and Professor in Berlin and Göttingen, he was responsible for the excavations in ancient Olympia. German archaeologists believed that the Germans should surpass the French in the field of classical studies and the study of classical monuments should not be left to the French and British. Curtius decided to make a survey in Attica for the production of topographic and archaeological maps, he employed Johann August Kaupert as a surveying expert- for that purpose.

The Leipzig Geographical Institute of Wagner & Debes was an important German cartographic printer and publisher of cartographic work in the 19th- and early 20th centuries. Established in 1835 as a lithographic press by Eduard Wagner. In 1872 Heinrich Wagner, son of Eduard Wagner, took over, moved the presses to Leipzig, and established his own publishing firm in collaboration with Ernst Debes.

The ancient monuments in Greece build in hour of ancient Gods. In greek mythology there are many Gods, every feeling, external factor etc that it was difficult to be explained that times has its own God also every occupation has its own patron God e.g. Hephaestus was the patron god of metalworking, craftsmanship.

The major ancient Greek Gods are the following

Zeus King of the gods. god of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order and justice.

Hera Queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage, women, childbirth and family.

Poseidon God of the seas, water, storms, hurricanes, earthquakes and horses.

Athena Goddess, god of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare. Her symbols: the owl and the olive tree.

Aphrodite Goddess god of love, pleasure, passion, procreation, fertility, beauty and desire.

The goddess of beauty Afrodite is frequently depicted in the decoration of ancient toilet accessories. 3D model of the lid of the hinged copper mirror is dated back to the 4th century B.C. it depicts the goddess Aphrodite and her son Eros.


Hephaestus Good, god of the forge, craftsmanship, invention, fire and volcanoes.

Artemis Goddess, goddess of the hunt, the wilderness, virginity, the Moon, archery, childbirth, protection and plague.

Apollon God, god of light, the Sun, prophecy, philosophy, archery, truth, inspiration, poetry, music, arts.

Aris God, god of war, violence, bloodshed and manly virtues.

Hermes Gods,god of travel, commerce, communication, borders, eloquence, diplomacy, thieves, and games.

Demeter Goddess, goddess of the harvest, fertility, agriculture, nature and the seasons. She presided over grains and the fertility of the earth.

Hestia Goddess, gosess of the hearth, fire and family.

Dionysus God of wine, the grape vine, fertility, festivity and ecstasy. Patron god of the art of theat

Asklepios God, god of Medicine.


Information about this project

Karten von Attika Maps are available at Digitale Bibliothek of Heidelberg university.

Old map of Acropolis in Athens in Greece by Wagner & Debes, Leipzig available at discusmedia website.

This project created by Maria Dimitrakarakou is for the completion of the “Digital Tools for Cultural Heritage Management” course organized by Heritage Management Organization