Digital project: “Virtual reunification of Parthenon marbles “
The Parthenon is one of the most important monuments in the word. Its creation is synonymous with the concept of democracy and freedom. I was built it on 438BC during the fifth century where the democracy and culture flourish in Greece. Well known as the “gold century” of the Athenian Democracy. The application which a digital Project is intends to reunify Parthenon marbles from the British and new acropolis museum. The use of new technologies probably gives a solution to cultural repatriation. This project will try to reunify Parthenon marbles that are house in Greece and in London. There are parts of Parthenon that are located in other museums around the world However there are time and money limitations which make the reunification of all Parthenon marbles impossible.
There are many individuals around the world, not only people who are from the same place of sculpture’s origin that support the return of cultural objects to their origin country. It is not impressive that also the idea of the reunification of Parthenon marbles has many supporters around the world as well. Organization, blogs, sites have been created to support that idea. It is worth explaining the reasons that this happened, people who are interesting in History and especially Greek history and they may have visited Parthenon in Athens, and they have seen the Parthenon and half of its sculptures. It is difficult for people who want to understand Greek architecture and history because they do not have the chance to see the Parthenon marbles in their context. However this debate does start today, it has been more than 30 years since the Minister of Culture Mrs Melina Mercury brought this issue at the World Conference on Cultural Policies, organised by UNESCO in Mexico, July 29, 1982 The growth of internet and new technology develop new kind of museum the Virtual museums where everyone can visited without thinking the cost of travelling and researchers can have access to then in any time. The virtual reunification of marbles has achieved and people can see them in context, at least, virtually.
Parthenon marbles are dispersed in many museums around the world; this project will focus on the Parthenon sculptures that are housed in Athens (Greece) and in London (United of Kingdom) where the majority of survival sculptures are now. After the action of Elgin who was an ambassador during the Ottoman Empire. Greece was under the rule of the Ottoman then .He took the permission to remove some Parthenon marbles and ship them back to England. In this project will indicate which parts are in UK and which are in Athens , those piece that can be reunify will be put together as single sculpture , description about the history and architecture of the Parthenon will be available as well.
This application intends to offer to the user the chance to see the majority of Parthenon marbles together. This project will focus on the history of \Parthenon and its architecture, will indicate the position of each sculpture, a 3d model of Parthenon as a navigational tool, Information from different resources about Parthenon marbles, British museum and new Acropolis museum. Also drawings of Carrey will be included. The simple 3d model will be used as a 2d rendering photos will help the visitor to understand the actual position of the marbles The software, for viewing the Parthenon marbles, that will be used for this project need further examination Maya, AutoCAD, 3d studio, flash, Photoshop, I need to develop my knowledge on 3d applications like Maya
As the main purpose for the creation of virtual cultural object is mainly to be easily visible and accessible worldwide. The accuracy of the result is an issue that I have to think about it .It is an issue that I have to think about it, as the goal of this project is to provide information to other people so I have to make a research a apart for digital media issues but on other areas, as well , like history and architecture
The develop and growth of internet over the last 20 year lead to the new communication, educational, entertainment, working experience, in a way change our life. This flourish gave the opportunity to give a short of a solution in a problem that have been discusses again and again. One of this is the cultural repatriation of cultural object; monuments are in different places from their origin. There a big discussion- debate about this, and a simple straight answer not be given, if this can be happened or not. However the main goal of museums is to educate and inform their visitors, so it is not worth being involved with political, economic issues. The evolution of Internet offers a solution to this problem, as it is a world without boundaries.
Parthenon and its marbles
The goal of this digital project is to reunify Parthenon marbles which are in Athens and in London in a single virtual place like a web site, give the visitor the chance to view Parthenon together with the majority of its sculptures as a part of unique monument. It is not only that mainly Parthenon marbles are divided in two locations but also a statue is split in two locations, the head of statue is in Athens and the body is in London. This project not only will connect this pieces together, is will be a guide for understanding the ancient Greek architecture: the Parthenon has main tree element Metopes: Parthenon has ninety two metopes, in four sides of the Parthenon building, 32 on the north and south side and 14 on the west and on east side, Each side represent a story from the Greek mythology, the Trojan War, the battle with Amazons, the battle with Centaurs and the battle with Amazons. Freze, where show the Panathenaic Festival, it was an important festival in Athens lasted twelve days. It has a narration Phidias, sculptor of the Parthenon, appear this narration, what happened during this festival. Last, Parthenon has two pediments, east and west both have narrations from the mythology, the east has the birth of the goodness Athena for the head of Zeus and the north has the competion between the Athena and Poseidon who will be patron saint for Athens. People, who want to learn more about Greek history and architecture.
The broadband Internet connection contribute to the distributing of high quality big media files like video, sound and images , which is needed for a Virtual museum, People are one click far away from an virtual museum (Sylaiou S. et al, 2005). Museum is place where have the collection of important items which have contribute to the human development, they are offering an informal type of education and use the lens Interactive experience model (Falk J. and Dierking L., 2005). As Internet based on Interaction model it is not impressive that the growth of technology lead to the birth of new kind museums: the Virtual museums. Both based on Interaction model and offer to the visitor informal learning experience. In both kind of museums visitors have the chance to interact with objects of the museum, In Virtual museum the interaction happened in an online environment (Callery, 2005) Virtual museum give the visitor to see thing that are invisible and also has the chance to see and examine item in his own time (Frew.A, 2005) A collection in museum offer information, which usually organized in time and in a specific place, the goal is to assist research and people to create new information. During the 7th international conference of the UK VR-SIG, Charitos mentioned that there two kind of information scientific and cultural. The museum object and the collection are sources of two kinds of information: scientific and cultural, because, the first information rise from the exhibited object and the second from their environment. Ih the same conference Mr Charitos mentioned that the concept of Virtual museum, museums without wall has been introduced from Malreaux on 1953. Nowadays this idea became realistic because of the technology, good design application, object- oriented database and virtual reality. Also the growth of Internet make virtual museum accessible worldwide. This project is a web site that intends to offer in virtual reality environment a unique environment for Parthenon sculptures. In the case of Parthenon marbles this is very important because when a tourist comes to see Parthenon marbles in British museum , see only these part of the monument, it is not possible to see the rest at the same time, with Virtual museum visitor “can fly” to Greece in seconds vice versa.
The Digital Michelangelo Project
The Digital Michelangelo Project is – team work from students in University of Strafford where the main goal was to produce a single virtual space for Michelangelo sculptures and make them visible worldwide. They digitize the sculpture of MichealAngelo with the help of lazer technology, where used to give realistic characteristics of the virtual objects
Xiangtangshan Caves digital project
The Xiangtangshan Caves digital project is onther example where digitized technology used to represent Buddhist cave temples south of Beijing, |With this project hoping the reconstruction will give more information about the Qi dynasty period , lasted from year 550 to 577. With the help of technology could allow researcher to investigate on such pieces without physically seeing them
The Parthenon frieze is presented in a digital way, in this web site all surviving sculptures from frieze of Parthenon , where can be found in three different places : in British Museum , in Louvre and in Acropolis museum, pieces of Parthenon frieze has been photographed to represent the entire freze. Many of Parthenon marbles have been destroyed, in this application some missing pars have been added, this addition based on the drawings of Carrey, which saw and draw the sculptures before the explosion of the temple in 1684. User has the chance to view in3d the entire frieze of Parthenon, read the description of each marble Moreover people can find information about Parthenon general
The 3D Ancient Wonders an web site which acts as virtual museum, is a collection of 3D interactive archeological reconstructions of ancient architecture and buildings visitors have the chance to explore ancient wonders, so Parthenon as well, they can walk round and inside Parthenon online 3D.
Click here to view the “Virtual reunification of Parthenon marbles “
2005, Sylaiou S., Liarokapis F., Sechidis L., Patias P., Georgoula Virtual museums: first results of a syrvey on methods and tools. Page 2 London, City University.
2005, Falk J., Lynn D. The museum experience. Page 3 . Washigton, Howells house.
2008, Yehuda E. Kalay . New heritage: new media and cultural heritage. page1 New York Routledge.
2005, Bernadette G. Callery Collaborative access to virtual museum collection information : Seeing Through the Wall page 3. New York. Haworth Information Press
2005, Andrew J. Frew , Information and communication technologies in tourism 2004, pages 200-201. Austria Novographic Druck
2000, Charitos, D, et al, An Approach to Designing and Implementing Virtual Museums, roc. 7th International UK VR-SIG Conference